Metal Scrap Recycling: Why Recycle?
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In the United States, the metal scrap industry throws out millions of tones of metals as waste because of the "impracticality" of recovering the scraps by other means. In the recent years however, efforts have been made to gather these scraps and ship them overseas to locations such as China, India, Korea, and other countries for recycling.
    Metal Recycling is an important environmental as well as economical aspect to any metal business. Metals can be recycled and re-used an infinite amount of times, and because every metal has a specific metal point, pure metals can be derived from alloys. Recycling metals is a pivotal waste management process, as far less energy is used in recycling metals, than it is in mining them. For example, recycling ferrous metals like steel saves on average 74% of its energy, while recycling non ferrous metals like aluminum and copper save around 80-95% of their energy. The positive impact that recycling can have to our environment is immeasurably valuable for future generations to come. However, today’s recycling rates of non-ferrous and ferrous metals are at a disturbing 33% and 26%, respectively.
    Scrap metal must be separated into two classifications before recycling: ferrous and nonferrous.
By definition ferrous scraps are any scrap metal or alloy that is primarily made up of to iron or steel. Ferrous scrap metal usually comes from sources like disposed household appliances, old cars, old railroads tracks, decommissioned ships, and construction debris.
Non – Ferrous scraps are simply defined as any scrap metal other than iron or steel. Examples include aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, titanium, and precious metals. Volume wise, the processing and recycling of non -ferrous material is significantly less than ferrous processing, although the value of non – ferrous metals far exceeds those of ferrous materials.

Scrap metal recycling plays a vital role in the manufacturing supply chain, as it contributes to the United States balance of trade, as well as playing a pivotal role in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The important aim to realize when evaluating the importance of scrap metal recycling is that scrap metal is not “waste”, nor is recycling of it, discarding. Recognizing this difference is essential in trying to balance the world’s metal resources and promoting sustainability in our environment and communities.
Types of Non Ferrous Metals
Aluminum - Aluminum is produced from bauxite, which is a clay like ore that is rich in aluminum based compounds. The aluminum is only found as a compound called alumina, which is a hard material consisting of aluminum combined with oxygen...
Types of Ferrous Metals
Steel - Steel, also mined from an ore, consist of tremendous amounts of iron ore, however it is usually combined with oxygen, carbon, or sometimes even sulphur. There is currently eleven million metric tons of Steel exported from the United States yearly.
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